Tajikistan is landlocked, and is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than 50 percent of the country is over 3000 m (9843 ft) above sea level. The only major areas of lower land are in the north (part of the Fergana Valley), and in the southern Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys, which from the Amu Darya. Tajikistan is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including the Pamir and Alay ranges.

The Pamirs:
Pamir - one of the most famous mountain ranges of the world, better known as the "Roof of the World", has in its arsenal altitudes from 2800 to 7495 m above sea level. Tajikistan’s highest mountain peak Ismail Somoni (7495 m), has attracted eager climbers from all over the globe.
Fewer countries are seen in the world where there has been such a places with the variety of natural beauty and preserved aboriginal culture. The marvelous beauty of the Pamirs in Tajikistan is a special place. It is located in Central Asia between the mountainous Hindu Kush and Karakoram in the south-west, Gissar-Alai mountain ranges in the north and Kuenlunem to the east. The caravan route from India and Asia to China and India to Central Asia went through Pamirs that is called the Silk Road. Residents of the Pamirs, due to its geographical location in the path of the Silk Road, have had long contact with people of different nationalities who have been to these places. Thus Pamir, with diverse religious, social, economical and general history combined with its natural and cultural identities has long attracted the attention of the national and international traveler.
Travelling to Pamir - a journey into legend. Pamir is the place for lovers of the exotic - unforgettable natural beauty and distinctive lifestyle of the Pamirs, their rich centuries-old customs and traditions. The peoples of the Pamirs are usually hospitable and respect the traditions of other nations.