Murgab From the Persian word (margh-ab) meaning "prairie river") is the capital of Murgab district in the Pamir mountains of Gorno Badakhshan Autonomous Region . With a population of 4,000, Murgab is about the only significant town the eastern half of Gorno-Badakhshan. It is the highest town in Tajikistan and of the former Soviet Union located at 3,650 m above sea level. It located at the junction of the Murgab river and the Pamir Highway.
The Pamir Highway goes north to Sari-Tosh and on to Osh in Kyrgyzstan and southwest to the region's capital Khorog, about 300 kilometers distant. A newer road goes east over the Kulma pass to the Karakorum in China connecting to Tosh kurgan to the south and Koshgar in the north. When the new road opened in May 2004, only Chinese and Tajik nationals were allowed to cross the Tajik–Chinese border at that point the status of the border crossing in 2010 remains the same and according to locals in near future no plans are to open Kulma for other nationals.
The place was founded by the Russians as Pamir sky Post in 1893, as their most advanced military.
The modern town was constructed during the period of Soviet rule of Tajikistan as a rest stop along the Pamir Highway . The population is about 25% Pamir Tajik and 75% Kyrgyz. Murgab is expected to become a major center for trade between Xinjiang and central Asia.
Climate The Climate sub-type for Murgab is "ET" or a Tundra Climate. The average annual temperature is −3.9 °C (25.0 °F). The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 8.7 °C (47.7 °F) and the coolest month is January with an average temperature of −40.7 °C (−1.7 °F). The average annual precipitation is 347.7 mm (13.69 in) and has an average of 87.1 days with precipitation. The wettest month is May with an average of 45.1 mm (1.78 in) of precipitation and the driest month is September with an average of 10.9 mm (0.43 in) of precipitation.