Fann

Fann Mountains

Location: Sughd region, districts Aini and Penjikent.

From the north - Zeravshan Range in the south - Hissar mountains, from the east - the river and Yagnob Fandarya, on the west - Marguzor Valley lakes.

Fann Mountains - a popular touristic region, located in the north-west of Tajikistan.

Area Fann Mountains convenient for arrival. From Dushanbe the Fann mountains can be reached through Anzob pass (3372m), covered with asphalt road exiting to the largest lake Pamir-Alai - Iskanderkul. Another paved road runs from the town of Penjikent. Another way - from the city of Khujand through the city Istravshan (formerly Ura-Tube) and Shahristan Pass (3351m) leading to Fann Mountains. In the area of Fann Mountains developed network of paved and unpaved roads. 

The area is very convenient for the organization of multi-day mountain-walking tours. Turning from the gorge into the gorge, one of the most beautiful lake to the other, no less beautiful, by an infinite number of vertical rock bastions with small patches of hanging glaciers. Among the most beautiful and with a climbing perspective, the most interesting for the conquest of peaks are the peaks such as Chapdara (5050m), Bodkhona (5138m), Castle (5070m), Mary (4970m), Mirali  (5120m) and Zindon (4800m). The highest mountains in the Fann is Chimtarga (5487m), the routs to which are simple and first-class, which are on the southern and western walls of the peak. Fann Mountains is not only popular with the high peaks, narrow gorges with the noisy water flows, but numerous lakes which are clean and colorful (about 30 lakes). 

To the south of the main ridge is located the Lake Iskanderkul.

Unlike Iskandarkul, Big Allo Lake (3360m) in the gorge Zindon formed relatively recently, in 1916, when the mass of rocks came down from the southern slopes of the main ridge and the valley filled up. On the right and left of the towering steep walls of the lake, in the north - a scattering of giant blocks, and only in the south - a narrow passage where the river winds left debris Zindon. In the area of the lake you can find rare flowers - edelweiss. On its northern shore vegetation ends and then begins a stone desert, rests against the wall of the top of Moscow Peak (5183m).

Kulikalon, which means "Big Lake", situated at an altitude of 2800 m, the second largest (after Iskandarkul) lake in the region. The northern shore of the lake is cut large and small bays, to share their capes and isthmuses. Water from Small Kulikalon goes underground and reappears after 600 meters at the bottom of a river Urechye.

Allauddin lake - a group of reservoirs in the upper reaches of the river Pasrud. All lakes are located on the steps of the ancient and later moraines. Clean and clear water overflows from stage to stage, and the water level of lakes does not know hesitation. The lakes have no fish. Being in the water for a long time may be only the most hardened daredevils, as it is very cold. The base camp in this area can be broken down not far from amazing blue color Allauddin Lake. If you rise above Alauddin on the same pass, the lake will appear in all shades of blue like on charts from Lednyov blue shore - to dark blue in the middle, with clear boundaries between colors.

Marguzor lakes - small pond - Nezhigon, Soybeans, Gushor, Nofin, Hurdak, Marguzor, Hazorchashma. They are located along the river Shing, in the south-western spurs of the Zeravshan Range, in two or three hours' drive from the city of Penjikent. The difference in level between the upper and lower lake - 692 meters. All the lakes except Hazorchashmy, Zavalny origin.

Marguzor lake - the largest in the whole chain of "Seven Beauties" (so called these lakes), its length is 4.5 km, depth - 45 m, color soft blue - situated at an altitude of 2200 m above sea level. In the vicinity of the lake, on a block of limestone can be seen figures of primitive people. There are also the remains of ancient mining and processing factory, where it is easy to assemble a collection of rare and unusual stones colors. The northern slope of the dam lake Marguzor - a dense grove of tall trees with fragrant herbs, streams, making their way through the body of a natural dam.

Lake Nofin - lengthened by 2 km, with that width of 400 meters of water of greenish color. Amazingly beautiful the color of the water of the lake Soya. At the bottom, through the water, visible stones that change color depending on the position of the sun in the sky.

Nezhigon Lake - the pearl of the whole chain of lakes Marguzor. It is not large in size and clamped by steep rocky cliffs. Turquoise water that filled a deep depression seems as if frozen. The lake water is quite warm and you can swim in it.

Flora and fauna of the area of Fann Mountains are unique. There are more than 2000 species of plants, many of which are medicinal. Up to a height of 2200m with many fruit orchards walnut, poplar, birch, willow, hawthorn, buckthorn, barberry, wild rose and currants are grown. The snow leopard (ounce), white-clawed bear, mountain goats (teke), argali sheep, wild boar, wolf, fox, hare, marmot, ermine  and etc. are the representatives of fauna of this mountain area. Birds such as mountain geese (ulary), rock partridge (partridges), pigeons, eagles, vultures, hawks and others are found in this area. Having been in the Fann Mountains, you can get a real aesthetic pleasure, because in just a few hours drive from juniper forests and greenery manages to get into the zone of glaciers, high mountains and eternal snow. 

In addition to the mountain-hiking and mountaineering trips in the area rafting trips, kayaking, catamaran sailing, etc. were developed, cycling, paragliding, the so-called ski mountaineering (ski descent from the mountain tops) and some other types of exotic holiday also are being organized. The best time to travel - in the second half of June to October, when the weather is usually dry, warm, sun shines all day. However, it happens that even a relatively small height Kulikalon lakes (2800m) at the height of summer can suddenly drop snow. In the period from November to May on the slopes of a great danger of avalanches and numerous mountain passes become practically inaccessible.