Tajikistan is landlocked, and is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than 50 percent of the country is over 3000 m (9843 ft) above sea level. The only major areas of lower land are in the north (part of the Fergana Valley), and in the southern Kofarnihon and Vakhsh river valleys, which from the Amu Darya. Tajikistan is home to some of the highest mountains in the world, including the Pamir and Alay ranges.

             Mountain   Height                             Location
 Ismoili Somoni Peak (highest)  7495m
(25590 ft)  
 North-western edge of Gorno - Badakhshan
(GBAO), south of the Kyrgyz border
 Ibni Sina Peak (Lenina Peak)  7174m
(23537 ft)
 Northern border in the Trans - Alay Range north - east
of Ismoli Somoni Peak 
 Peak Korzhenevskaya  7105m
(23310 ft)
 North of Ismoili Somoni Peak, on the south bank of Muksu River
 Independence Peak
(Revolution Peak)
(22881 ft)
 Central Gorno - Badakhshan, south - east of Ismoili Somoni Peak
 Akademiya Nayk Range   6785m
(22260 ft)
 North - western Gorno - Badakhshan, stretches in the
north - south direction 
 Karl Marks Peak   6726 m
(22067 ft)
 GBAO, near the border of Afghanistan in the northern ridge
of the Karakoram Range  
 Mayakovskiy Peak  6096m
(20000 ft)
 Extreme south - west of GBAO, near the border of Afghanistan
 Concord Peak  5469m
(17943 ft)
 Southern border in the northern ridge of the Karakoram Range 
 Kyzylart Pass  4280 m
(14042 ft)
 Northern border in the Trans Alay Range 

Fan Mountains are located on the south - west of the Pamir - Alai near Hissar and Zeravshan ranges, which translate as "fortress" and "Giving gold" respectively - the area still has the gold mines.