Historical places

Tajikistan is one of the oldest states in the world. The modern area of Tajikistan had been colonized since the middle of the 1st millennium B.C by so-called Soghdians and Bactrian, who have founded their renowned ancient states such as Sogdiana and Bactria. In VI th century B.C this territory has been seized by Persian state called Akhmanids, but in  IV th century B.C Akhmanids empire has fallen under impacts of Alexander the Greats army. In the 1st century A.D here was formed a new powerful state empire of Kushan, and after disintegration of Kushans empire in the 3rd century A.D. Soghdiana and Bactria fall under authority of Sasanids Empire for a short period of time. After the fall of the Sasanids empire the countrys territory was owned by numerous powerful empires like dynasty of Samanids (875 -999) and Timurs Mongol empire (Tamerlane), as well as Khanate of Bukhara and Russian empire.

In the area of modern Tajikistan the ancient cities of Panjakent (is known since VI th century), Khujand, Istarawshan (Ura Tube - famous for products of local craftsmen handicraft), Isfara, Konibodom, etc. are located. The architectural monuments of the cities, neighboring Uzbekistan (Samarqand, Bukhara, etc.) with which Tajikistan was a single State for a long time, also represent the heritage of Tajik history and culture. The historical and archeological sites such as Hissar fortress, Mausoleum of Khoja - Mashad, Adjina Tepa with the rest of the Buddhist Monasteries VII-VIII th centuries are also worth noting that represent the ancient Tajik history and culture.