The name of the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe is translated as Moinday. In the early 17th century at the crossroads of Asia a village appeared where a big bazaar was arranged on Mondays. As Time passed, the village grew into a regional center and the Monday baazar became the everyday activity of the people.Modern Dushanbe - a city in which the wild breath of Asia is still felt, is at the same time a cultural, economic and political center of the country.

The main archaeological site of the Tajik capital is 22 km from the city - Hissar fortress is a fortified fort with two madrassas, a mausoleum (built 16th century) and vast interior space. The castle walls aremore than 1 m thick. They are dotted with loopholes for guns and cannons. Hissar fort once served as the residence of the Beк - the governor of the Emir of Bukhara, in whose possession was part of Dushanbe.

More about the history of the Tajik people can be learnt in the Museum of Antiquities and the Museum of Archeology and Ethnography. The Museum of musical instruments of Gurminj is extremely interesting - especially when the musical evenings and exhibits from the hands of masters are organized.